GFD & FFE activities



OPRD carries out this project in partnership with WFP in south Sudan, the activities started in 2017 and still on course. Organization for Peace, Relief and Development proposed to implement General Distribution of food aid and FFE to communities in Kapoeta East and South Counties in Eastern Equatoria State that has involved the community participating in manual community work alongside receiving food rations.

Kapoeta region is situated in eastern part of South Sudan bordering Kenya in Eastern Equatoria State. The state is administratively divided into 7 counties, 30 payams, 56 Bomas that are further sub-divided into 156 villages. The settlement patterns in the state are determined by various factors such as climate, soil fertility and infrastructure. The Toposa people are traditionally pastoralists and the only notable migration pattern is rural to rural movement in the form of nomadism.

Kapoeta has predominantly been on the red as far as food security is concerned. A number of interventions that include food assistance have been undertaken to try and mitigate the perennial food shortage in this county. Though they are mostly pastoralists, they hardly have enough animal products as food for their households, thus exacerbating an already precarious situation. The low productivity is mainly associated with erratic rainfall patterns to support vegetation (grass) for the livestock. Some of who practice agricultural activities are limited with the same factor making it difficult for agricultural activities as a sustainable alternative livelihood source. School feeding has not only added to food security but intervened in a special way in addressing children by allowing them exclusive access to food as long as they are in school. A precondition that ensures they are empowered through the provision of knowledge alongside availability of ready food to boost body health. In October, when the government announced resumption of schools, it was joy for both parents, learners and teachers. Parents felt a burden taken off their shoulders in terms of food provision, while learners ignited hope of continuing with education as well as nutritious food ready for them in school. And partly as a worthy escape from other household chores that deny them a chance to read or participate in educational activities. It’s expected that by the end of the year all the candidates will be in line to recouping the time lost during closure due to Covid-19.FFE has in a great way reduced the family hunger scale taking into account that almost 60% of most household members fall into the category of school going children. With the sole objective of increased enrolment and retention of learners in schools the support has seen most of the learners enrolled in the candidate classes in January resume learning which gives hope to a strengthened future society not only in food security but educational improvement as well.

Climatic Conditions

Kapoeta region is arid and semi-arid and is characterized by warm and hot climate.  The temperatures range between 20ºC and 41ºC with a mean of 30.5ºC. Rainfall in the state follows a fairly erratic pattern varying significantly both over time and space. The state, however, experiences both short and long rains.  The driest months are January, February and September.  The long rains season falls between the months of April to July.  Short rains occur during the months of October, November and December.

Due to the low rainfall and high temperatures there is a lot of evapo-transpiration resulting into deposition of salt in the soil and capping on the surface.  As a result, only about 30 per cent of the county’s soil can be rated as moderately suitable for agricultural production.

For the last two and a half decades, the county has frequently suffered from failures of the annual rains. However, years 2006, 2007 and 2011, witnessed a higher than expected rainfall. This resulted to flash floods with many parts of the state experiencing loss of livestock and pasture.

Activities achieved by OPRD in the past period include the following:

  • OPRD had planned originally to reach 55,456 beneficiaries (GFD 39,456, BFSP 12,553 & FFE 3,074) increased their food security and nutritional status, and 
  • Increase access to education and attendance in schools  assisted in Kapoeta East

          So far the above has been achieved.

  • 26,000 females and 13,456 males benefited from general food distribution. Consequently 4,000 male, 6,000 female benefited on children under 5 BFSP and 2,553 PLW benefited from blanket supplementary feeding programme
  • Successful mobilization of beneficiaries for distribution on 18th November prior to distribution the following day.
  • Distribution ongoing in Jie starting from Chumameri, Napusiariat and finally Kessengor boma.About 2000 beneficiaries have already been served.
  • Over 1900 returnees in Lotimor have been registered to benefit from food assistance, and distribution of food is ongoing.


  • Access constraints associated with poor roads and heavy rains cutting off parts of the road to Kessengor. Food trucks delivered the food in Lopeat FDP instead.
  • Activities planned in Mogos payam were not done due to the delayed distribution in Jie and returnees in Lotimor which needed to be prioritized. However, monitoring will resume next week in Mogos corridor.

Lessons learned

Prioritization of far flung areas is important to beat unfavorable weather conditions that almost impair food assistance especially during the rainy season.

The support required from Donors

Prepositioning of food in far flung areas with poor road network to avoid lengthy periods of anxiety among beneficiaries as they wait for food. Occasioned by bad weather preventing deliveries.

Other than this the south Sudanese people requires a resilience project implementation of which will leave the people to catch up with their normal live without dependency and this is what OPRD is looking forward to and would wish to have support from well-wishers to help us achieve this. We have done research on the possibilities and it’s feasible. The lack of funds to role this project out is the menace. 

For any enquiries on the budget allocation and focus, contact us.


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