CODE OF HONOR & APPRECIATION BY OPRD

The activities done in 2020, the achievements; IPC report 2020 summery, recommendations and way forward.

The year 2020 has been a year of its own kind and we thank God for this is a year of lessons and wisdom. 2021 approaches at a supersonic speed and the desire of everyone is to have a year of blessings, favour and good health. To the people of south Sudan, Eastern Equatoria-Kapoeta region has a different prayer- “Ohm God may we not die, may we even have a hope that tomorrow we may eat, our children and women may live, our cattle not raided from us, our houses not torched and our villages not attacked, may we have access to waterpoint and even have a cup of drink.”

The whole world exposed to opportunities, chances and availabilities but the South Sudanese exposed to susceptibility and vulnerability. The history is the best judge while the future holds the success of a generation, that future has its base to the current occurrences, while current occurrences are embedded on the history.

We the Organization for Peace, Relief and Development {OPRD}, join the world to appreciate the honor and the courage of the Revitalized Peace Agreement {RPA} that has dawn an element of peace in the country at the national level although at the grassroots level its completely a different scenario. We thank the NNGOs, CSOs, Donors and government friends and the friends of republic South Sudan for the support and concerns which has seen this to date.  

Specifically OPRD would wish to thank World Food Programme WFP through their undying support to the vulnerable communities of South Sudan the support you gave wasn’t in vain, in the turmoil year like 2020 you put a smile on their faces. Secondly, UNICEF we can’t forget your support, the students and the community thank you, the structures and the educational materials you gave is highly appreciated. Save Children International – {SCI} in partnership with Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). We appreciate you so much for the impact of covid19 you brush through and stood up for the learners, and the community. OPRD in Partnership with UNDP is implementing the Peace and community resilience in Kapoeta.

The violent conflicts within greater Kapoeta region are quite complex and occur at different levels: intra-ethnic, inter-ethnic or cross-border and mainly manifest in the form of cattle raids, road banditry, village and property looting, and the killing of people.

We can’t forget to the Swiss agency for Development and Cooperation – SDC for the support to create awareness on the pandemic covid19.  We say May God bless you.

As we approach 2021, we enter into this year with a lot of hope that our prayers and desire are answered. We seek a lot of support to continue our unrelenting service delivery within our main pillars of interventions as captured herein:

OUR AREAS OF INTERVENTION:

  1. Education

OPRD considers education, formal or informal, as one key ingredient for meaningful development and sustainable prosperity in society as South Sudan. In that respect, one of the painful realities in many communities in the Country is the poor educational standards and lack of schools for that matter. Based on the maxim: “Little Education is worse than No Education”, OPRD observed with trepidation that where physical schools exist, the actual elements that constitute education are tremendously wanting, for instance, teachers are often ill equipped or work on a volunteer basis and scholastic materials unavailable; and if, available – untimely notwithstanding the unresolved problem of harmonization of education curriculum at the national level. Inadequate learning spaces leaving children attending classes under trees, lack of nutritional programs for children retarding their growth and leading to malnutrition ranging from minor to severe and thus affecting education.

We have evidenced-based belief that formal education is relatively expensive and tedious as long-term than informal. Whereas informal educations entails the rudiments of family or community institutions, the formal demands procedural, long time-investment and ability tests or examinations, movements from one level to the other in addition to physical presence in school. Because school is not-free, it is cost-related, most families must make a choice including choosing which (if any) of their children will be educated. By and large, boys against girls are given priority. In some families in communities, girls are expected to marry and often leave families at very early age (early marriage) thus contributing to future health problems plus marginal parenting abilities. For instance, OPRD observed that literacy and illiteracy, which are direct products of formal education, are in this modern day-and-age equally direct functions that reduce or perpetuate poverty cycle especially in the peripherized populations in South Sudan.

In this regard, OPRD realizes the fundamental need for tangible community education. Therefore, OPRD will endeavor to provide basic quality education to children, women and strategic community leaders in communities through different organized programs as:

  • Improve and expand safer education services for children and youth,
  • Enhance the relevance of education and promote learner well-being,
  • Improve the quality of education system management through local education authorities,
  • Provide rapid response mechanisms that will increase the resilience in times of crisis,
  • Provide out of school children, Adult education, and Creative Pastoral Education Programs (CPEP).
  • Promote girl child school enrolment and retention through provision of Menstrual Hygiene Management
  • Provision of nutrition program for under 5 children enrolled in the Early Childhood Development Program.

Truly, OPRD is consciously aware of the need for youth education in some of the most marginalized communities in South Sudan like the Ŋitopossaa (or the Toposaa People) that it has most served. Demography illustrates that over half of South Sudanese populace is under eighteen (18). Since OPRD believes the youth are current leaders; thus, the real youth educational empowerment is truly inspiring. As such, OPRD has tried to partner with local communities and appropriate donors to develop opportunities for children and adults to attend schools where there are none.

  • Rule of Law and Social Justice

South Sudan a product of the Sudan has been having incessant violence in the nature of political turmoil or civil wars that have spawn unfortunately a vicious cycle of hatred, revenge, or genocide. As a result, many communities in Eastern Equatoria, which is our main operational zone, live in heightened state of fear, resentment, distrust and violence. Therefore, to address the issues of ethnicity or tribalism and violence, OPRD works with religious, government and civic leaders in addition to women and youth with skills in conflict resolution, mediation and peace building. Specifically, OPRD engages in alternative projects such as stopping cattle rustling, forgiveness and reconciliation, defense and promotion of human rights, trauma healing and campaign for social justice. Indeed, we believe as broken relationships are reconciled and wounds of violent hatred healed through real forgiveness, the cycle of hatred, revenge and violence will change to beneficial peace and sustained security enjoyed by society.

Truly, OPRD seeks to address dire social injustices that hinder reconciliation, peace and development in South Sudan society. Accordingly, we intend to empower the population economically, education, health and employment wise, which we plan to achieve through literacy campaign, job creation, health education, advocacy for justice and rights of the marginalized. OPRD will work to restore real hope for communities and for effectiveness we will work collaboratively with relevant partners in this regard.

  • Food Security and Livelihood

PRD considers food security key function for desirable livelihood in society. Therefore, OPRD envisions deliberate engagement in programs and activities that tackle the root causes of hunger cardinal. Thus, we will proactively address problems of commodity production, access to factors of production, and generation of income in society. To meet basic needs of communities within the realm of our operation, OPRD will attempt to bolster agricultural production, jumpstart local market activities, support micro-enterprise initiatives, and ensure vulnerable members of communities to sustainable access sources of food and income.

  • Health and Sanitation

OPRD envisions a healthy population for optimal productivity hence better standard of living in society. Therefore, we will work to improve both human and environmental health situation in the sphere of our operation. It has to be acknowledged though that this area has some of the most marginalized communities with dire health and sanitation conditions in the Country. Diseases such as malaria, diarrhoea cholera, and HIV/AIDS devastate the area.

In addition, OPRD is aware of the bottlenecks created by culture on family planning arrangements in Kapoeta so much so that discussing it is a taboo. We have observed with concern that communities here allow women to have as many babies as possible. Consequently, unlucky women die at alarming rates in and after childbirth. Besides, child marriages result in high infant mortality sadly in most cases with no systemized records because many mothers deliver outside designated health facilities or do not seek documentation or parents often wait days or even weeks to name newly born babies.

In this respect, OPRD recognizes that community elders, leaders and women are key-solutions in curving the health and hygiene needs of society. As such, OPRD will try to train and provide capacity to them in these fields. Importantly, they should clearly know their respective role in bringing about healthy population and hygienic environment for the communities in the areas of its focus. As a design, we will continue to partner with other organizations interested in these fields accordingly.

  • Women, Youth and Children

Statistically, women, youth and children are more in population than men in South Sudan. Besides, women and children are the most vulnerable in the Country. Therefore, based on our Vision and Mission, OPRD will facilitate empowerment of children, young people and women in a non-violent means. In this respect, OPRD will take keen interest in affirmative action as a measure to actually realize the empowerment stated herein.

  • Environmental Protection and Conservation

OPRD considers environmental protection and conservation absolutely cardinal to ensure practical better livelihood for the communities living in the environs therein. Indeed, we stand for practices that guarantee balanced ecosystem conducive to human, domestic-animals and wildlife habitation. We have noted with consternation that the cattle seem more destructive to the natural environment than wildlife. So, more creative ways are demanded particularly to re-socialize pastoralists to manage and utilize cattle differently and appropriately in line with ethical environmental protection and conservation standards. OPRD prays that human and domesticated animals enable nature sustained for future generations to appreciate and enjoy. It is essential to regulate the climate to sustain communities and support biodiversity. Therefore, to realize these ecological aims, OPRD will collaboratively work with local authorities, communities and partners.

CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION- IPC

Among all these our key intervention areas, most of the key issues not addressed yet they are the most fundamental conflict causes. We therefore request well-wishers donors and people of goodwill to stand with South Sudan people and support where possible.

We are at the moments when the Vaccine for Covid19 has been rolled out in countries with economic power and have started vaccination, South Sudan and Africa in general are still lugging behind in line with acquisition and logistics too. South Sudan is on the tip end page off all things the communities here are devoid of any kind of information especially on covid19 and the vaccine may be a mystery. This therefore call for need for intensified campaign to impact them with information as OPRD believe that information is power. This kind of problem is further escalated by illiteracy levels most of the people don’t have the most basic education coupled with poverty and recurring war and problems and hence the need for campaign through the avenues available.

South Sudan IPC analysis of the current most at risk situation is analysed below as acquired from the Humanitarian Forum. The IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis was conducted in South Sudan from October 26th to November 16th, 2020. Due to breakdown in technical consensus in relation to the estimation of populations in IPC Phase 5 in six counties, on November 17th, 2020, the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group partners requested the IPC Global Support Unit (GSU) to conduct a Real Time Quality Review to assess the presence of populations in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe) in the IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis in the counties of Akobo, Aweil South, Pibor, Tonj East, Tonj North and Tonj South. During this process, the county of Pibor was found to present a very concerning situation, with some indicators surpassing the IPC Phase 5 thresholds. The RTQR proceeded with the activation of the Famine Review Process on November 19th, 2020, in accordance with the Famine Guidance Note1. The Famine Review Committee used the analysis and all evidence used by the IPC South Sudan Food Security and Acute Malnutrition Technical Working Group. The RTQR team reviewed the evidence and analysis for the other five areas and provided recommendations on the estimation of populations in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe) in a separate report.

It is important to note, that the main survey providing outcome indicators for the IPC analysis (FSNMS, October 2020), as well as additional evidence on nutrition, has sampled only the Western part of Pibor County (Gumuruk, Pibor, Lekuangole, Verteth payams). Pibor county’s population distribution indicates that the Western payams have about 80% of the population, prior to displacements towards Maruwa Hills and Labarab, estimated to be around 74% currently. While extrapolation of data from Western payams to Eastern payams would have been possible population-wise, the FRC estimates that the diversity of the livelihood zones, the different exposure and impact from floods or sub-national conflicts, along with the different perspective of evolution in the coming months, would deserve a separate classification. This is in line with the IPC Famine Guidance Note (Section 2.7a), stating that ‘any population sub-groups or areas with at least 10,000 people can be classified in Famine or Famine Likely for current or projected time periods if the minimum evidence parameters are met for the specific population sub-groups or areas. The classification of sub-groups or sub-areas may be especially important if populations are thought to be in IPC Phase 5 Catastrophe’. In summary, while the TWG classified Pibor County as a whole, the FRC analyzed smaller units of analysis comprising four of the eight payams in Pibor County, hosting about three fourths of the county population in the Western part of the county, and separately the remaining four payams in the Eastern part.

As mentioned, additional outcome evidence on nutrition to those gathered in early November at the onset of the IPC analysis became available by the time the Famine Review was initiated. This evidence further confirmed the extreme severity and highlighted the continuous deterioration of the situation. This additional evidence, together with the already available evidence, has been essential in classifying Pibor County Western payams (Gumuruk, Pibor, Lekuangole, Verteth) separately from the Eastern payams, for which the minimum evidence level is not met, to produce a classification.

Summery Table

Recommendations to Decision Makers

1. Take all necessary measures to halt the violence in Pibor and other parts of South Sudan and protect civilians from ongoing and future insecurity.

2. Prevent any resurgence of the conflict through support to conflict resolution at all relevant levels.

3. Take all necessary steps to protect civilians in Pibor, whether still in their home areas or displaced to other parts of the county.

4. Take all necessary steps to ensure continuous access for humanitarian organizations to all populations in need of assistance and overall respect for the humanitarian space so that the basic rights of the people can be fulfilled. This includes unhindered access to set up humanitarian assistance pipelines and prepositioning of stocks, and ensuring the delivery of services is uninterrupted and that people have access to the available services and assistance.

5. Ensure unhindered mobility for people to carry out their livelihood activities and access to markets and basic services.

6. Facilitate the flow of basic commodities. Ensure that additional resources allocated to Pibor are not diverted from resources originally planned for other areas, in line with the “Do No Harm” principle.

Recommendations to Country Humanitarian Stakeholders

1. Scale up humanitarian assistance to address the food security, health, nutrition and water services needs of populations throughout South Sudan in IPC Phase 3 and above; not only those in IPC Phase 5 (Famine). The rapid response may involve prioritizing the immediate provision of lifesaving health and nutrition services, including the delivery of higher nutrition value commodities to the most food insecure populations as an immediate famine prevention measure.

2. Scale up humanitarian protection in Pibor.

3. Pre-positioning commodities for delivering humanitarian assistance in the eastern part of Pibor is essential to respond to the needs of the anticipated influx of displaced people should the conflict increase in the western part of the county.

4. Enhance the provision of reliable health and nutrition services in the area to provide adequate coverage of OPD and IPD services for primary and secondary care, as well as timely preventative activities, including immunization for children and ANC services for women. Ensure emergency preparedness in case of outbreaks of diarrheal diseases, including cholera.

5. Restore access to clean water and an acceptable level of sanitation for both Internally Displaced Populations and host communities.

6. Immediately conduct data collection of food security and health and nutrition outcomes, as well as mortality, across Western and Eastern Pibor, with a particular focus on the displaced populations.

WAY FORWARD

This is a clear show we need support than anything else in this country. We submit our request to donors and anyone willing to support humanities here.

We also take this noble opportunity to wish you all well in the New Year 2021. May God bless you all.

Join us for a good course, for when we come together great things happen. When we join hands we can pull Everest down. Determination and desire to help a soul to hope is the fundamental to humanity.  

Best Regards

Prepared By

Programs Manager – OPRD

Authorized by

Executive Director- OPRD